Ligand inhibition of the platelet glycoprotein IIb-IIIa complex function as a calcium channel in liposomes
Division of Hematology
Biological Transport; Blood Platelets; Calcium; Calcium Channels; Humans; Liposomes; Peptides; Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors; Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Platelet glycoproteins IIb and IIIa function as a fibrinogen receptor on the activated platelet. We have shown that these glycoproteins can be incorporated onto the surface of phosphatidylcholine vesicles with retention of fibrinogen and antibody binding properties and can permit Ca2+ transit across the phospholipid bilayer. In the current study we demonstrate that this apparent Ca2+ channel function is specifically inhibited by the synthetic analogue of the fibrinogen gamma COOH-terminal peptide, His-His-Leu-Gly-Gly-Ala-Lys-Gln-Ala-Gly-Asp-Val (His-12-Val), but not by the adhesive protein sequence Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (RGDS). Prior incubation of IIb-IIIa liposomes with RGDS prevented Ca2+ transit inhibition by 25 microM His-12-Val, analogous to RGDS inhibition of His-12-Val binding to platelets. His-12-Val inhibited a minor component of transmembrane Ca2+ influx into ADP and thrombin-activated human platelets but had no effect on steady-state platelet 45Ca flux. These data indicate that ligand binding may exert a regulatory influence on transmembrane Ca2+ influx into activated platelets. The difference in inhibitory potency of the peptides studied may be related to differences in conformational changes in the glycoprotein IIb-IIIa complex induced by His-12-Val and RGDS, steric considerations, or differences in interactions with glycoprotein IIb Ca2+ binding domains.
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Citation: J Biol Chem. 1989 Sep 5;264(25):14617-20.
The Journal of biological chemistry
Rybak, Mary Ellen M. and Renzulli, Lori A., "Ligand inhibition of the platelet glycoprotein IIb-IIIa complex function as a calcium channel in liposomes" (1989). Open Access Articles. 876.