The p40phox and p47phox PX domains of NADPH oxidase target cell membranes via direct and indirect recruitment by phosphoinositides
Program in Molecular Medicine
Animals; Binding Sites; COS Cells; NADPH Oxidase; Phosphatidylinositol Phosphates; Phosphoproteins
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
The Phox homology (PX) domain has recently been reported to bind to phosphoinositides, and some PX domains can localize to endosomes in vivo. Here we show data to support the conclusion that the p40(phox) PX domain binds to phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate specifically in vitro and localizes to endosomes in intact cells. In addition, its Y59A/L65Q mutant, which has decreased affinity for phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate in vitro, fails to target EGFP-p40-PX to endosomes. However, unlike published results, we find that the p47(phox) PX domain weakly binds to many phosphoinositides in vitro showing slightly higher affinity for phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate. Moreover, we show for the first time that upon insulin-like growth factor-1 stimulation of COS cells, the p47(phox) PX domain is localized to the plasma membrane, and this subcellular localization is dependent on PI 3-kinase activity. Unexpectedly, its R42Q mutant that loses in vitro phosphoinositide-binding ability can still target EGFP-p47-PX to the plasma membrane. Our data suggest that the translocation of p47(phox) PX domain to the plasma membrane does involve 3'-phosphoinositide(s) in the process, but the phosphoinositide-binding of p47(phox) PX domain is not sufficient to recruit it to the plasma membrane. Therefore, the p40(phox) and p47(phox) PX domains can target subcellular membranes via direct or indirect recruitment by phosphoinositides, while both are under the control of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity.
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Citation: J Biol Chem. 2002 Feb 8;277(6):4512-8. Epub 2001 Nov 29. Link to article on publisher's site
DOI of Published Version
The Journal of biological chemistry
Zhan, Yong; Virbasius, Joseph V.; Song, Xi; Pomerleau, Darcy P.; and Zhou, G. Wayne, "The p40phox and p47phox PX domains of NADPH oxidase target cell membranes via direct and indirect recruitment by phosphoinositides" (2001). Open Access Articles. 731.