Lipopolysaccharide rapidly traffics to and from the Golgi apparatus with the toll-like receptor 4-MD-2-CD14 complex in a process that is distinct from the initiation of signal transduction
Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; Antigens, CD14; Antigens, Differentiation; Antigens, Surface; Blotting, Western; Brefeldin A; Cell Line; Cell Separation; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; *Drosophila Proteins; Escherichia coli; Flow Cytometry; Fluorescent Dyes; Genes, Reporter; Golgi Apparatus; Green Fluorescent Proteins; Humans; Lipopolysaccharides; Luciferases; Luminescent Proteins; Lymphocyte Antigen 96; Membrane Glycoproteins; Microscopy, Confocal; Microscopy, Fluorescence; Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88; Plasmids; Precipitin Tests; Protein Binding; Protein Structure, Tertiary; Protein Transport; Receptors, Cell Surface; Receptors, Immunologic; Recombinant Fusion Proteins; *Signal Transduction; Time Factors; Toll-Like Receptor 4; Toll-Like Receptors; Transfection
Immunology and Infectious Disease | Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Mammalian responses to LPS require the expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), CD14, and MD-2. We expressed fluorescent TLR4 in cell lines and found that TLR4 densely localized to the surface and the Golgi. Similar distributions were observed in human monocytes. Confocal imaging revealed rapid recycling of TLR4-CD14-MD-2 complexes between the Golgi and the plasma membrane. Fluorescent LPS followed these trafficking pathways in CD14-positive cells. The TLR4- adapter protein, MyD88, translocated to the cell surface upon LPS exposure, and cross-linking of surface TLR4 with antibody induced signaling. Golgi-associated TLR4 expression was disrupted by brefeldin A, yet LPS signaling was preserved. We conclude that LPS signaling may be initiated by surface aggregation of TLR4 and is not dependent upon LPS trafficking to the Golgi.
Rights and Permissions
Citation: J Biol Chem. 2002 Dec 6;277(49):47834-43. Epub 2002 Sep 24. Link to article on publisher's site