Perspective: machines for RNAi
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology
Animals; Down-Regulation; Humans; Protein Biosynthesis; RNA Stability; RNA, Messenger; RNA, Small Interfering; RNA-Binding Proteins; Signal Transduction; Transcription, Genetic
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
RNA silencing pathways convert the sequence information in long RNA, typically double-stranded RNA, into approximately 21-nt RNA signaling molecules such as small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs). siRNAs and miRNAs provide specificity to protein effector complexes that repress mRNA transcription or translation, or catalyze mRNA destruction. Here, we review our current understanding of how small RNAs are produced, how they are loaded into protein complexes, and how they repress gene expression.
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Citation: Genes Dev. 2005 Mar 1;19(5):517-29. Link to article on publisher's site