Increased expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and decreased expression of thyroglobulin and thyroid peroxidase mRNA levels in the thyroids of iodide-treated BB/Wor rats
Division of Endocrinology
Animals; Blotting, Northern; Epithelial Cells; Immunohistochemistry; In Situ Hybridization; Iodide Peroxidase; Iodides; RNA Probes; RNA, Messenger; Rats; Rats, Inbred BB; Thyroglobulin; Thyroid Gland; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Several lines of evidence suggest that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) may contribute to the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid disease. It is not known, however, whether increased thyroidal TNFalpha levels are associated with changes in thyroid function. The purpose of the present study was to utilize in situ hybridization histochemistry and immunohistochemistry to determine if the expression of TNF-alpha in the thyroid is associated with a decrease in thyroglobulin (Tg) and thyroid peroxidase (TPO) mRNA levels. Lymphocytic thyroiditis was induced in BB/Wor rats by iodide administration, and thyroidal Tg and TPO mRNA levels were assessed by Northern blot analysis and in situ hybridization, and TNFalpha expression by Northern blot analysis and immunohistochemistry. Thyroids were obtained before and 1 and 2 months after iodide administration. Hematoxylin and eosin staining revealed that there was a progressive increase in mononuclear cells in the thyroids of BB/Wor rats ingesting iodide for 1 and 2 months. Northern blot analysis revealed that during the same time course there was a progressive increase in TNFalpha mRNA levels and a progressive decrease in Tg and TPO mRNA levels in the thyroids. In situ hybridization histochemistry was performed to determine if the decrease in Tg and TPO mRNA levels was associated with thyroid follicular cells in contact with infiltrating mononuclear cells. In rats treated with iodide for 1 month, there was a modest decrease in Tg and TPO mRNA levels in follicular cells in contact with infiltrating mononuclear cells. After 2 months of iodide treatment there was clearly a localized decrease in Tg and TPO mRNA levels in follicular cells in contact with infiltrating mononuclear cells. Immunohistochemical analysis did not detect TNFalpha in the thyroids from control rats or from rats treated with iodide for 1 month. In contrast, after 2 months of treatment, TNFalpha was easily detected in infiltrating mononuclear cells and in some thyroid follicular cells. Together, these results suggest that the suppression of Tg and TPO mRNA levels was associated with the expression of TNFalpha and thus are in agreement with in vitro studies demonstrating that TNFalpha inhibits thyroid cell function.
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Citation: Eur J Endocrinol. 1998 Nov;139(5):539-45.
European journal of endocrinology / European Federation of Endocrine Societies
Mori, Kouki; Mori, Masuko; Stone, Scott; Braverman, Lewis E.; and DeVito, William J., "Increased expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and decreased expression of thyroglobulin and thyroid peroxidase mRNA levels in the thyroids of iodide-treated BB/Wor rats" (1998). Open Access Articles. 554.