Monospecific antipeptide antibody to cytochrome P-450 2B6
Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Toxicology
Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; *Antibody Specificity; *Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases; Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System; Female; Humans; Immunoglobulin G; Insecticides; Male; Methoxychlor; Microsomes, Liver; Middle Aged; Molecular Sequence Data; Oxidoreductases, N-Demethylating; Peptides; Rabbits
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
To study cytochrome P-450 (CYP) 2B6 contribution to methoxychlor metabolism within human liver microsomes and to initiate an investigation of CYP2B6 protein expression, we developed a polyclonal antibody targeted to a 20-residue peptide within that protein. The antibody was found to be highly sensitive and monospecific for CYP2B6 on immunoblots. Although many immunological studies have described the absence or low expression of CYP2B6 in human livers, in the present investigation, we have found this not to be the case. We immunoquantified CYP2B6 apoprotein expression in a panel of 28 livers and found concentrations ranging from 2 to 82 pmol/mg protein, with a mean value of 25 pmol/mg protein. Five livers ( approximately 18%) displayed relatively high levels of CYP2B6 (>40 pmol/mg protein). There were no sex-related differences, although the highest level was observed in a 1-week postpartum donor given several medications. A marked diminution in variability was found in individuals aged 56 or older (n = 12), but there were no age-related trends in mean CYP2B6 content. We suggest that CYP2B6 represents a significant portion of total CYP in human liver. The exquisite sensitivity of this antibody (fmol quantities are detected easily on immunoblots) may explain our detection of CYP2B6 in 100% of livers versus its detection in a limited number of livers by certain other investigators. The antibody also was found to immunoinhibit CYP2B6-catalyzed N-demethylation of (S)-mephenytoin in human liver microsomes by 68 to 79%. The utility of this antibody for determining human liver microsomal CYP2B6 contribution to the ortho-hydroxylation of methoxychlor was demonstrated.
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Citation: Drug Metab Dispos. 1999 Apr;27(4):517-25.
Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals
Stresser, David M. and Kupfer, David, "Monospecific antipeptide antibody to cytochrome P-450 2B6" (1999). Open Access Articles. 492.