LY294002, but not wortmannin, increases intracellular calcium and inhibits calcium transients in bovine and human airway smooth muscle cells
Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy & Critical Care
Androstadienes; Animals; Caffeine; Calcium; Cattle; Chromones; Drug Synergism; Enzyme Inhibitors; Humans; Morpholines; Muscle, Smooth; Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors; Trachea
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
To characterize the effect that a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase) inhibitor, LY294002, has on cytosolic calcium concentrations ([Ca2+]i), bovine airway smooth muscle cells (BASMC) and cultured human bronchial smooth muscle cells (HBSMC) were loaded with fura 2-AM, imaged as single cells and [Ca2+]i measured ratiometrically. LY294002 (50 microM) increased [Ca2+]i by 294+/-76 nM (P<0.01, n=13) and 230+/-31 nM (P<0.001, n=10) in BASMC and HBSMC, respectively, and increases occurred in the absence of extracellular calcium. In contrast, after pre-treatment with thapsigargin, LY294002 no longer increased [Ca2+]i. This calcium mobilization by LY294002 was associated with a significant functional effect since LY294002 also inhibited calcium transients to carbachol (45+/-23 nM), caffeine (45+/-32 nM), and histamine (20+/-22 nM), with controls of 969+/-190, 946+/-156, and 490+/-28 nM, respectively. Wortmannin, a different PI3-kinase inhibitor, neither increased [Ca2+]i nor inhibited transients. Also, LY294002 increased [Ca2+]i in the presence of wortmannin, U-73122, and xestospongin C. We concluded that LY294002 increased [Ca2+]i, at least in part, by mobilizing intracellular calcium stores and inhibited calcium transients. The effects of LY294002 on [Ca2+]i were not dependent on wortmannin-sensitive PI3-kinases, phospholipase C, or inositol trisphosphate receptors (IP3R). For BASMC and HBSMC, LY294002 has effects on calcium regulation that could be important to recognize when studying PI3-kinases.
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Citation: Cell Calcium. 2002 Jul;32(1):31-8.
Ethier, Michael F. and Madison, John M., "LY294002, but not wortmannin, increases intracellular calcium and inhibits calcium transients in bovine and human airway smooth muscle cells" (2002). Open Access Articles. 385.