Department of Cell Biology; Department of Cancer Biology; Department of Pathology
Animals; Cell Division; Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone; DNA Primers; DNA-Binding Proteins; Embryo, Mammalian; Fibroblasts; Genotype; Humans; Mice; Pituitary Neoplasms; Retinoblastoma Protein; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Transcription Factors
Cancer Biology | Cell Biology | Medical Pathology
The Ini1 subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex suppresses formation of malignant rhabdoid tumors in humans and mice. Transduction of Ini1 into Ini1-deficient tumor-derived cell lines has indicated that Ini1 arrests cell growth, controls chromosomal ploidy, and suppresses tumorigenesis by regulating components of the retinoblastoma (Rb) signaling pathway. Furthermore, conditional inactivation of Ini1 in mouse fibroblasts alters the expression of various Rb-E2F-regulated genes, indicating that endogenous Ini1 levels may control Rb signaling in cells. We have reported previously that loss of one allele of Ini1 in mouse fibroblasts results only in a 15% to 20% reduction in total Ini1 mRNA levels due to transcriptional compensation by the remaining Ini1 allele. Here, we examine the effects of Ini1 haploinsufficiency on cell growth and immortalization in mouse embryonic fibroblasts. In addition, we examine pituitary tumorigenesis in Rb-Ini1 compound heterozygous mice. Our results reveal that heterozygosity for Ini1 up-regulates cell growth and immortalization and that exogenous Ini1 down-regulates the growth of primary cells in a Rb-dependent manner. Furthermore, loss of Ini1 is redundant with loss of Rb function in the formation of pituitary tumors in Rb heterozygous mice and leads to the formation of large, atypical Rb(+/-) tumor cells lacking adrenocorticotropic hormone expression. These results confirm in vivo the relationship between Rb and Ini1 in tumor suppression and indicate that Ini1 plays a role in maintaining the morphologic and functional differentiation of corticotrophic cells.
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Citation: Cancer Res. 2006 Aug 15;66(16):8076-82. Link to article on publisher's site