UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology

Publication Date

12-21-2016

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Cell Biology | Developmental Biology

Abstract

Haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) reside in distinct niches within the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment, comprised of endothelial cells (ECs) and tightly associated perivascular constituents that regulate haematopoiesis through the expression of paracrine factors. Here we report that the canonical NF-kappaB pathway in the BM vascular niche is a critical signalling axis that regulates HSC function at steady state and following myelosuppressive insult, in which inhibition of EC NF-kappaB promotes improved HSC function and pan-haematopoietic recovery. Mice expressing an endothelial-specific dominant negative IkappaBalpha cassette under the Tie2 promoter display a marked increase in HSC activity and self-renewal, while promoting the accelerated recovery of haematopoiesis following myelosuppression, in part through protection of the BM microenvironment following radiation and chemotherapeutic-induced insult. Moreover, transplantation of NF-kappaB-inhibited BM ECs enhanced haematopoietic recovery and protected mice from pancytopenia-induced death. These findings pave the way for development of niche-specific cellular approaches for the treatment of haematological disorders requiring myelosuppressive regimens.

Rights and Permissions

Copyright © 2016, The Author(s). Citation: Nat Commun. 2016 Dec 21;7:13829. doi: 10.1038/ncomms13829. Link to article on publisher's site

DOI of Published Version

10.1038/ncomms13829

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Keywords

Haematopoietic stem cells, Stem-cell niche

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Nature communications

PubMed ID

28000664

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.