UMMS Affiliation

Department of Quantitative Health Sciences

Date

4-22-2016

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Endocrine System Diseases | Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism | Health Services Administration | Pediatrics

Abstract

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) a chronic characterized by an absolute insulin deficiency requires conscientious patient self-management to maintain glucose control within a normal range. Family cohesion and adaptability, positive coping strategies, social support and adequate self-regulatory behavior are found to favorably influence glycemic control. Our hypothesis was that the responsible care of a companion animal is associated with these positive attributes and correlated with the successful management of a chronic illness such as type 1 diabetes. We recruited 223 youths between 9 and 19 years of age from the Pediatric Diabetes clinic at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, reviewed the status of their glycemic control (using three consecutive A1c values) and asked them questions about the presence of a pet at home, and their level of involvement with its care. Multivariate analyses show that children who care actively for one or more pets at home are 2.5 times more likely to have control over their glycemic levels than children who do not care for a pet, adjusting for duration of disease, socio-economic status, age and self-management [1.1 to 5.8], pWald = 0.032. A separate model involving the care of a pet dog only yielded comparable results (ORa = 2.6 [1.1 to 5.9], pWald = 0.023).

Rights and Permissions

Citation: PLoS One. 2016 Apr 22;11(4):e0152332. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0152332. eCollection 2016. Link to article on publisher's site

DOI of Published Version

10.1371/journal.pone.0152332

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Keywords

Diabetes mellitus, Pets and companion animals, HbA1c, Pediatrics, Medical education, Adolescents, Insulin

Journal Title

PloS one

PubMed ID

27104736

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

 
 

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