Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology
Biochemistry | Enzymes and Coenzymes | Musculoskeletal Diseases | Rheumatology
BACKGROUND: The relationship between lung and joint inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis is poorly understood. Lung inflammation with resultant protein citrullination may trigger anti-citrullinated protein antibodies, inflammation, and arthritis. Alternatively, lung and joint inflammation may be two manifestations of a single underlying pathology. The lung has increased citrullination and TNF-alpha levels are high in rheumatoid arthritis; however, it is unknown if TNF-alpha can induce lung protein citrullination. The citrullinating enzyme peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4) exacerbates TNF-alpha-induced arthritis, but a role for PAD4 in lung citrullination and TNF-alpha-induced lung inflammation has not been explored. Our aim was to use TNF-alpha-overexpressing mice to clarify the intersection of TNF-alpha, citrullination, PAD4, arthritis, and lung inflammation.
METHODS: Lung protein citrullination in wild-type mice, mice that overexpress TNF-alpha systemically (TNF(+)), TNF(+)PAD4(+/+), and TNF(+)PAD4(-/-) mice was quantified by both gel electrophoresis using a citrulline probe and western blot. Hematoxylin and eosin (HandE)-stained lung sections from TNF(+)PAD4(+/+) and TNF(+)PAD4(-/-) mice were scored for lung inflammation. HandE-stained ankle joint sections from mice that overexpress TNF-alpha only in the lungs were assessed for arthritis.
RESULTS: TNF(+) mice have increased lung protein citrullination. TNF(+)PAD4(-/-) mice do not have significantly reduced lung protein citrullination, but do have decreased lung inflammation compared to TNF(+)PAD4(+/+) mice. Mice that overexpress TNF-alpha only in the lungs do not develop arthritis.
CONCLUSIONS: PAD4 exacerbates lung inflammation downstream of TNF-alpha without having a major role in generalized protein citrullination in inflamed lungs. Also, TNF-alpha-induced lung inflammation is not sufficient to drive murine arthritis.
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Citation: Arthritis Res Ther. 2016 Jul 22;18(1):173. doi: 10.1186/s13075-016-1068-0. Link to article on publisher's site
Copyright © The Author(s). 2016. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
DOI of Published Version
Citrullination, Experimental arthritis, Lung, Peptidylarginine deiminase 4, Rheumatoid arthritis, TNF-α
Arthritis research and therapy
Bawadekar, Mandar; Gendron-Fitzpatrick, Annette; Rebernick, Ryan; Shim, Daeun; Warner, Thomas F.; Nicholas, Anthony P.; Lundblad, Lennart K. A; Thompson, Paul R.; and Shelef, Miriam A., "Tumor necrosis factor alpha, citrullination, and peptidylarginine deiminase 4 in lung and joint inflammation" (2016). Open Access Articles. 2785.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.