UMMS Affiliation

Department of Pathology

Publication Date

9-29-2015

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Cellular and Molecular Physiology | Immunology and Infectious Disease | Immunopathology | Virology

Abstract

T follicular helper (TFH) and T helper 1 (Th1) cells generated after viral infections are critical for the control of infection and the development of immunological memory. However, the mechanisms that govern the differentiation and maintenance of these two distinct lineages during viral infection remain unclear. We found that viral-specific TFH and Th1 cells showed reciprocal expression of the transcriptions factors TCF1 and Blimp1 early after infection, even before the differential expression of the canonical TFH marker CXCR5. Furthermore, TCF1 was intrinsically required for the TFH cell response to viral infection; in the absence of TCF1, the TFH cell response was severely compromised, and the remaining TCF1-deficient TFH cells failed to maintain TFH-associated transcriptional and metabolic signatures, which were distinct from those in Th1 cells. Mechanistically, TCF1 functioned through forming negative feedback loops with IL-2 and Blimp1. Our findings demonstrate an essential role of TCF1 in TFH cell responses to viral infection.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Cell Rep. 2015 Sep 29;12(12):2099-110. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2015.08.049. Epub 2015 Sep 10. Link to article on publisher's site

DOI of Published Version

10.1016/j.celrep.2015.08.049

Comments

This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Cell reports

PubMed ID

26365183

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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