UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine

Date

4-11-2014

Document Type

Article

Subjects

Adult; Anthropometry; Biological Markers; *Coffee; *Drinking Behavior; Female; Fibronectins; Humans; Male

Disciplines

Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism | Medical Physiology | Physiology

Abstract

Irisin, secreted by skeletal muscle and possibly fat, is hypothesized to play an important role in modulating energy expenditure, obesity and metabolism. Coffee consumption also increases energy expenditure and leads to positive metabolic effects, but whether these effects are mediated by irisin remains unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the association between baseline irisin levels and the metabolic profile in humans and to investigate whether consumption of caffeinated coffee alters irisin levels. To this end, a secondary analysis was performed investigating irisin levels at baseline and after eight weeks in 32 healthy, overweight coffee drinkers who were randomized to consumption of 5 cups per day of instant caffeinated coffee, decaffeinated coffee, or water. Spearman correlation and analysis of covariance analyses were performed to identify possible associations. Irisin levels were positively correlated with waist circumference (r = 0.41, p = 0.02), fat mass (r = 0.44, p = 0.01) and CRP (r = 0.47, p = 0.007). Though there was a trend towards increased levels of irisin over time in the caffeinated coffee group (+1.8%) when compared to the placebo group (24%) this did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.75 for the trend). This first randomized trial failed to reveal any effects of coffee consumption on irisin levels, but a larger trial, appropriately sized on the basis of data provided by this study, is needed to conclusively investigate such a relationship. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT00305097.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: PLoS One. 2014 Apr 11;9(4):e94463. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0094463. Link to article on publisher's site

DOI of Published Version

10.1371/journal.pone.0094463

Comments

Copyright: © 2014 Peter et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Keywords

caffeine, coffee consumption, irisin

Journal Title

PloS one

PubMed ID

24728416

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.