Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center
Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Health Services Research | Public Health Education and Promotion
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based health promotion programs developed and tested in the general population typically exclude people with disabilities. To address this gap, a set of methods and criteria were created to adapt evidence-based health promotion programs for people with disabilities. In this first study, we describe a framework for adapting evidence-based obesity prevention strategies for people with disabilities. We illustrate how the framework has been used to adapt the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) obesity prevention strategies for individuals with physical and developmental disabilities.
METHODS: The development of inclusion guidelines, recommendations and adaptations for obesity prevention (referred to as GRAIDs--Guidelines, Recommendations, Adaptations Including Disability) consists of five components: (i) a scoping review of the published and grey literature; (ii) an expert workgroup composed of nationally recognized leaders in disability and health promotion who review, discuss and modify the scoping review materials and develop the content into draft GRAIDs; (iii) focus groups with individuals with disabilities and their family members (conducted separately) who provide input on the potential applicability of the proposed GRAIDs in real world settings; (iv) a national consensus meeting with 21 expert panel members who review and vote on a final set of GRAIDs; and (v) an independent peer review of GRAIDs by national leaders from key disability organizations and professional groups through an online web portal.
RESULTS: This is an ongoing project, and to date, the process has been used to develop 11 GRAIDs to coincide with 11 of the 24 CDC obesity prevention strategies.
CONCLUSION: A set of methods and criteria have been developed to allow researchers, practitioners and government agencies to promote inclusive health promotion guidelines, strategies and practices for people with disabilities. Evidence-based programs developed for people without disabilities can now be adapted for people with disabilities using the GRAIDs framework.
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Citation: Implement Sci. 2014 Aug 14;9:100. doi: 10.1186/s13012-014-0100-5. Link to article on publisher's site
DOI of Published Version
Implementation science : IS
Rimmer, James H.; Vanderbom, Kerri A.; Bandini, Linda G.; Drum, Charles E.; Luken, Karen; Suarez-Balcazar, Yolanda; and Graham, Ian D., "GRAIDs: a framework for closing the gap in the availability of health promotion programs and interventions for people with disabilities" (2014). Open Access Articles. 2437.