UMMS Affiliation

Department of Pathology

Publication Date

4-19-2012

Document Type

Article

Subjects

Animals; CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes; Cross Reactions; Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte; Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis; Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus; Male; Mice; Mutation; Pichinde virus; Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell; Viral Proteins

Disciplines

Immunology and Infectious Disease | Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences

Abstract

T cell cross-reactivity between different strains of the same virus, between different members of the same virus group, and even between unrelated viruses is a common occurrence. We questioned here how an intervening infection with a virus containing a sub-dominant cross-reactive T cell epitope would affect protective immunity to a previously encountered virus. Pichinde virus (PV) and lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) encode subdominant cross-reactive NP(2)(0)(5)(-)(2)(1)(2) CD8 T cell epitopes sharing 6 of 8 amino acids, differing only in the MHC anchoring regions. These pMHC epitopes induce cross-reactive but non-identical T cell receptor (TCR) repertoires, and structural studies showed that the differing anchoring amino acids altered the conformation of the MHC landscape presented to the TCR. PV-immune mice receiving an intervening infection with wild type but not NP205-mutant LCMV developed severe immunopathology in the form of acute fatty necrosis on re-challenge with PV, and this pathology could be predicted by the ratio of NP205-specific to the normally immunodominant PV NP(3)(8)(-)(4)(5)-specific T cells. Thus, cross-reactive epitopes can exert pathogenic properties that compromise protective immunity by impairing more protective T cell responses.

Comments

Citation: Chen AT, Cornberg M, Gras S, Guillonneau C, Rossjohn J, et al. (2012) Loss of Anti-Viral Immunity by Infection with a Virus Encoding a Cross-Reactive Pathogenic Epitope. PLoS Pathog 8(4): e1002633. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1002633. Link to article on publisher's site

Copyright: © 2012 Chen et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Journal/Book/Conference Title

PLoS pathogens

PubMed ID

22536152

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.