Department of Neurology
Suicide; Depressive Disorder, Major; Biological Markers
Mental and Social Health | Neurology | Neuroscience and Neurobiology | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology
Major depression occurs at high prevalence in the general population, often starts in juvenile years, recurs over a lifetime, and is strongly associated with disability and suicide. Searches for biological markers in depression may have been hindered by assuming that depression is a unitary and relatively homogeneous disorder, mainly of mood, rather than addressing particular, clinically crucial features or diagnostic subtypes. Many studies have implicated quantitative alterations of motility rhythms in depressed human subjects. Since a candidate feature of great public-health significance is the unusually high risk of suicidal behavior in depressive disorders, we studied correlations between a measure (vulnerability index [VI]) derived from multi-scale characteristics of daily-motility rhythms in depressed subjects (n = 36) monitored with noninvasive, wrist-worn, electronic actigraphs and their self-assessed level of suicidal thinking operationalized as a wish to die. Patient-subjects had a stable clinical diagnosis of bipolar-I, bipolar-II, or unipolar major depression (n = 12 of each type). VI was associated inversely with suicidal thinking (r = -0.61 with all subjects and r = -0.73 with bipolar disorder subjects; both p
Indic, Premananda; Murray, Greg; Maggini, Carlo; Amore, Mario; Meschi, Tiziana; Borghi, Loris; Baldessarini, Ross J.; and Salvatore, Paola, "Multi-scale motility amplitude associated with suicidal thoughts in major depression" (2012). Open Access Articles. Paper 2335.