Title

BRCA-FA pathway as a target for anti-tumor drugs

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Cancer Biology

Date

5-14-2008

Document Type

Article

Subjects

Animals; Antineoplastic Agents; BRCA1 Protein; Cell Line, Tumor; DNA Damage; DNA Repair; Fanconi Anemia Complementation Group Proteins; inhibitors; Humans; Neoplasms; Signal Transduction

Disciplines

Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences

Abstract

Promising research on DNA repair signaling pathways predicts a new age of anti-tumor drugs. This research was initiated through the discovery and characterization of proteins that functioned together in signaling pathways to sense, respond, and repair DNA damage. It was realized that tumor cells often lacked distinct DNA repair pathways, but simultaneously relied heavily on compensating pathways. More recently, researchers have begun to manipulate these compensating pathways to reign in and kill tumor cells. In a striking example it was shown that tumors derived from mutations in the DNA repair genes, of BRCA-FA pathway, were selectively sensitive to inhibition of the base excision repair pathway. These findings suggest that tumors derived from defects in DNA repair genes will be easier to treat clinically, providing a streamlined and targeted therapy that spares healthy cells. In the future, identifying patients with susceptible tumors and discovering additional DNA repair targets amenable to anti-tumor drugs will have a major impact on the course of cancer treatment.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Anticancer Agents Med Chem. 2008 May;8(4):426-30.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Journal Title

Anti-cancer agents in medicinal chemistry

PubMed ID

18473727