Not quite as grown-up as we like to think: parallels between cognition in childhood and adulthood
Center for Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Adolescent; Adult; *Attention; Child, Preschool; *Color Perception; *Discrimination Learning; Female; Habituation, Psychophysiologic; Humans; Male; *Pattern Recognition, Visual; Problem Solving; Reaction Time; *Reversal Learning; Set (Psychology)
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Greater continuity in cognition between children and adults may exist than is usually appreciated. It was thought that after 3 to 4 years of age, the problem in switching on the dimensional-change card-sort task disappears. We show here, however, that if speed is used as the dependent measure, the effect of the first dimension is evident even in adults. Adults, like preschoolers, show difficulty in switching from a block of sorting by color or shape to a block of sorting by the other dimension. Notably, performance throughout the session was affected by the first dimension by which stimuli were sorted. We hypothesize that perhaps adults never fully outgrow any of the cognitive and perceptual biases of infancy and early childhood. Other examples of such biases that appear to still be present in adults are discussed. Conversely, the assumption that the optimal dependent measure for adults is the most sensitive measure for children is questioned.
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Citation: Psychol Sci. 2005 Apr;16(4):291-7. Link to article on publisher's site
DOI of Published Version
Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS
Diamond, Adele and Kirkham, Natasha Z., "Not quite as grown-up as we like to think: parallels between cognition in childhood and adulthood" (2005). Open Access Articles. 1896.