Prenatal and postnatal environmental tobacco smoke exposure and children's health
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Animals; Asthma; Child; Child Behavior; Embryonic and Fetal Development; Female; Humans; Infant; Intelligence; Otitis Media; Pregnancy; Respiratory Tract Infections; Smoking; Sudden Infant Death; Tobacco Smoke Pollution
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Children's exposure to tobacco constituents during fetal development and via environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure is perhaps the most ubiquitous and hazardous of children's environmental exposures. A large literature links both prenatal maternal smoking and children's ETS exposure to decreased lung growth and increased rates of respiratory tract infections, otitis media, and childhood asthma, with the severity of these problems increasing with increased exposure. Sudden infant death syndrome, behavioral problems, neurocognitive decrements, and increased rates of adolescent smoking also are associated with such exposures. Studies of each of these problems suggest independent effects of both pre- and postnatal exposure for each, with the respiratory risk associated with parental smoking seeming to be greatest during fetal development and the first several years of life.
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Citation: Pediatrics. 2004 Apr;113(4 Suppl):1007-15.
DiFranza, Joseph R.; Aligne, C. Andrew; and Weitzman, Michael L., "Prenatal and postnatal environmental tobacco smoke exposure and children's health" (2004). Open Access Articles. 1730.