The influence of liposome-encapsulated prostaglandin E1 on hydrogen peroxide concentrations in the exhaled breath of patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome
Department of Anesthesiology; Department of Surgery; Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy & Critical Care
Adult; Alprostadil; *Breath Tests; Drug Carriers; Female; Humans; Hydrogen Peroxide; Infusions, Intravenous; Leukocyte Count; Liposomes; Male; Middle Aged; Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult
Anesthesiology | Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences | Respiratory Tract Diseases | Surgery
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) levels are increased in the exhaled breath of patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Because liposome-encapsulated prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) downregulates the CD11/CD18 receptor of the neutrophil, thereby limiting endothelial adhesion, the use of this drug should decrease the excretion of H2O2 in the expiratory condensate of patients with ARDS. Patients > 11 yr of age with ARDS (diffuse, patchy infiltrates by chest radiograph; Pao2/fraction of inspired oxygen [P/F] ratio < or = 200 mm Hg; pulmonary capillary wedge pressure < or = 18 mm Hg; and the requirement for mechanical ventilation) were randomized to receive placebo (n = 14) or escalating doses (0.15-3.6 micrograms/kg) of liposomal PGE1 (n = 14) every 6 h for up to 7 days. Condensate was collected every morning from the expiratory tubing that was submerged in an ice saltwater bath (-5 degrees C). H2O2 levels were measured by using a horseradish peroxidase assay. Other data collected included white blood cell count and P/F ratios. There was no significant difference in the concentration of H2O2 in the expiratory condensate between the liposomal PGE1 group and the control group either before (0.99 +/- 0.52 vs 0.93 +/- 0.48 mumol/L) or during treatment (1.04 +/- 0.45 vs 0.76 +/- 0.25 mumol/L). Liposomal PGE1 treatment improved the P/F ratio and decreased the white blood cell count over time. Despite its ability to downregulate the CD11/CD18 neutrophil receptor, liposomal PGE1 did not reduce exhaled H2O2 excretion. Implications: White blood cells (WBC) are thought to be part of the cause of the acute respiratory distress syndrome, a lung disease. WBC in the lung produce hydrogen peroxide, which is exhaled. Liposomal PGE1 inhibits WBC function but was found to have no effect in decreasing exhaled hydrogen peroxide in patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Rights and Permissions
Citation: Anesth Analg. 1999 Aug;89(2):353-7.