UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine; Center for Infectious Disease and Vaccine Research

Date

11-1-1988

Document Type

Article

Subjects

Antibodies, Monoclonal; Antibodies, Viral; Antigens, Differentiation; Cell Line; Dengue Virus; Humans; Immunoglobulin G; Interferon-gamma, Recombinant; Monocytes; Receptors, Fc; Receptors, IgG; gamma-Globulins

Disciplines

Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences

Abstract

It has been reported that anti-dengue antibodies at subneutralizing concentrations augment dengue virus infection of monocytic cells. This is due to the increased uptake of dengue virus in the form of virus-antibody complexes by cells via Fc gamma receptors. We analyzed the effects of recombinant human gamma interferon (rIFN-gamma) on dengue virus infection of human monocytic cells. U937 cells, a human monocytic cell line, were infected with dengue virus in the form of virus-antibody complexes after rIFN-gamma treatment. Pretreatment of U937 cells with rIFN-gamma resulted in a significant increase in the number of dengue virus-infected cells and in the yield of infectious virus. rIFN-gamma did not augment dengue virus infection when cells were infected with virus in the absence of anti-dengue antibodies. Gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) produced by peripheral blood lymphocytes from dengue-immune donors after in vitro stimulation with dengue antigens also augmented dengue virus infection of U937 cells. IFN-gamma did not augment dengue virus infections when cells were infected with virus in the presence of F(ab')2 prepared from anti-dengue immunoglobulin G. Human immunoglobulin inhibited IFN-gamma-induced augmentation. IFN-gamma increased the number of Fc gamma receptors on U937 cells. The increase in the percentage of dengue antigen-positive cells correlated with the increase in the number of Fc gamma receptors after rIFN-gamma treatment. These results indicate that IFN-gamma-induced augmentation of dengue virus infection is Fc gamma receptor mediated. Based on these results we conclude that IFN-gamma increases the number of Fc gamma receptors and that this leads to an augmented uptake of dengue virus in the form of dengue virus-antibody complexes, which results in augmented dengue virus infection.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: J Virol. 1988 Nov;62(11):3928-33.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Journal Title

Journal of virology

PubMed ID

2459406

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.