Polyphenolic antioxidants mimic the effects of 1,4-dihydropyridines on neurotensin receptor function in PC3 cells
Department of Physiology
Antioxidants; Calcium; Calcium Channel Agonists; Calcium Channel Blockers; Calcium Channels; Dihydropyridines; Electron-Transferring Flavoproteins; Flavonoids; Humans; Male; Oxidation-Reduction; Oxidoreductases; Phenols; Potassium; Receptors, Neurotensin; Sodium; Sulfhydryl Compounds; Tumor Cells, Cultured
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
This study aimed to determine the mechanism(s) by which 1,4-dihydropyridine Ca2+ channel blockers (DHPs) enhance the binding of neurotensin (NT) to prostate cancer PC3 cells and inhibit NT-induced inositol phosphate formation. Earlier work indicated that these effects, which involved the G protein-coupled NT receptor NTR1, were indirect and required cellular metabolism or architecture. At the micromolar concentrations used, DHPs can block voltage-sensitive and store-operated Ca2+ channels, K+ channels, and Na+ channels, and can inhibit lipid peroxidation. By varying [Ca2+] and testing the effects of stimulators and inhibitors of Ca2+ influx and internal Ca2+ release, we determined that although DHPs may have inhibited inositol phosphate formation partly by blocking Ca2+ influx, the effect on NT binding was Ca2+-independent. By varying [K+] and [Na+], we showed that these ions did not contribute to either effect. For a series of DHPs, the activity order for effects on NTR1 function followed that for antioxidant ability. Antioxidant polyphenols (luteolin and resveratrol) mimicked the effects of DHPs and showed structural similarity to DHPs. Antioxidants with equal redox ability, but without structural similarity to DHPs (such as alpha-tocopherol, riboflavin, and N-acetyl-cysteine) were without effect. A flavoprotein oxidase inhibitor (diphenylene iodonium) and a hydroxy radical scavenger (butylated hydroxy anisole) also displayed the effects of DHPs. In conclusion, DHPs indirectly alter NTR1 function in live cells by a mechanism that depends on the drug's ability to donate hydrogen but does not simply involve sulfhydryl reduction.
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Citation: J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2004 Apr;309(1):92-101. Epub 2004 Jan 12. Link to article on publisher's site