Pretreatment with D-myo-inositol trisphosphate reduces infarct size in rabbit hearts: role of inositol trisphosphate receptors and gap junctions in triggering protection

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Emergency Medicine



Document Type



Animals; Calcium Channels; Gap Junctions; Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate; Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors; Myocardial Infarction; Rabbits; Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear


Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences


Pretreatment with D-myo-inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate hexasodium (D-myo-IP(3)), the sodium salt of the second messenger inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)), is cardioprotective and triggers a reduction of infarct size comparable in magnitude to that obtained with ischemic preconditioning. However, this observation is enigmatic; whereas IP(3) signaling is conventionally initiated by receptor binding, IP(3) receptors are typically considered to be intracellular, and D-myo-IP(3) is membrane-impermeable. We propose that this paradox is explained by the presence of poorly characterized external IP(3) receptors and hypothesize that: 1) infarct size reduction with D-myo-IP(3) is receptor-mediated; and 2) communication via gap junctions and/or hemichannels is required to initiate this protection. To investigate the role of receptor binding, isolated buffer-perfused rabbit hearts underwent 30 min of coronary occlusion (CO) and 2 h of reflow. Prior to CO, hearts received no treatment (controls), D-myo-IP(3), L-myo-IP(3) (enantiomer not recognized by the IP(3) receptor), D-myo-IP(3) + the IP(3) receptor inhibitor xestospongin C (XeC), or XeC alone. Infarct size, assessed by tetrazolium staining, was reduced with D-myo-IP(3) treatment, whereas hearts that received L-myo-IP(3) or D-myo-IP(3) + XeC showed no protection. To evaluate the contribution of gap junctions/hemichannels, additional control and D-myo-IP(3)-treated cohorts received a 5-min infusion of heptanol or Gap 27, two structurally distinct gap junction inhibitors, administered at doses confirmed to attenuate intercellular transmission of a gap junction-permeable fluorescent dye. There was no infarct-sparing effect of D-myo-IP(3) in inhibitor-treated hearts. These data support the concepts that infarct size reduction with D-myo-IP(3) is triggered by receptor binding and that communication via gap junctions/hemichannels is involved in initiating this protection.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2005 Sep;314(3):1386-92. Epub 2005 May 26. Link to article on publisher's site

DOI of Published Version


Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Journal Title

The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics

PubMed ID