Short term neonatal starvation altered cholera toxin binding in rabbits
University of Massachusetts Medical Center
Adenylate Cyclase; Animals; Animals, Newborn; Cholera Toxin; Food; *G(M1) Ganglioside; Intestinal Mucosa; Microvilli; Rabbits; *Receptors, Cell Surface; Receptors, Immunologic; Starvation; Time Factors
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Acute neonatal malnutrition alters lumenal glycoproteins as demonstrated by altered lectin binding. To determine the effect of a 72-h fast on lumenal glycolipids, specifically the monosialoganglioside GM1, we quantitated cholera toxin (CT) binding and adenylate cyclase activity. The calculated number of specific sites for CT binding to microvillus membrane (MVM) from newborn rabbits fasted for 72 h was decreased in MVM from proximal small bowel (7 +/- 0.8 x 10(8)/micrograms protein) compared to 72-h control neonatal rabbits (18 +/- 3.3 x 10(8) micrograms protein). In distal small bowel there was no difference in the calculated receptor sites/micrograms MVM protein between fasted (8 +/- 1.7 x 10(8)) and fed (11 +/- 4 x 10(8)) groups. MVM prepared from proximal small bowel of fed animals bound significantly more CT than MVM prepared from distal small bowel of fed animals. The affinity for CT was the same in all MVM preparations. Neuraminidase treatment of MVM resulted in increased CT binding in fed and fasted rabbit proximal and distal MVM preparations, but the greatest increase occurred in MVM prepared from proximal small bowel from fasted animals. There was no difference in adenylate cyclase activity in fed, fasted, and proximal or distal small bowel crude membrane preparations. Refeeding (120 h) resulted in normalization of CT binding in MVM from proximal small bowel of fasted animals. We conclude a 72-h fast in neonatal rabbits resulted in decreased regional CT binding in MVM prepared from proximal small bowel of fasted animals, but no change in adenylate cyclase activity. Refeeding reverses CT binding abnormalities.
Rights and Permissions
Citation: J Nutr. 1989 Feb;119(2):280-5.
The Journal of nutrition
Baker, Susan S.; Campbell, Cara L.; and Walker, W. Allan, "Short term neonatal starvation altered cholera toxin binding in rabbits" (1989). Open Access Articles. 1476.