Department of Physiology
Actins; Animals; Cell Division; Cell Line; Chromosomes; DNA Topoisomerases, Type II; Epithelial Cells; Kidney; Microtubules; Models, Biological; Myosins; Rats; Razoxane
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
While astral microtubules are believed to be primarily responsible for the stimulation of cytokinesis in Echinoderm embryos, it has been suggested that a signal emanating from the chromosomal region and mediated by the interzonal microtubules stimulates cytokinesis in cultured mammalian cells. To test this hypothesis, we examined cytokinesis in normal rat kidney cells treated with an inhibitor of topoisomerase II, (+)-1,2-bis(3,5-dioxopiperaz-inyl-1-yl)propane, which prevents the separation of sister chromatids and the formation of a spindle interzone. The majority of treated cells showed various degrees of abnormality in cytokinesis. Furrows frequently deviated from the equatorial plane, twisting daughter cells into irregular shapes. Some cells developed furrows in regions outside the equator or far away from the spindle. In addition, F-actin and myosin II accumulated at the lateral ingressing margins but did not form a continuous band along the equator as in control cells. Imaging of microinjected 5- (and 6-) carboxymtetramethylrhodamine-tubulin revealed that a unique set of microtubules projected out from the chromosomal vicinity upon anaphase onset. These microtubules emanated toward the lateral cortex, where they delineated sites of microtubule bundle formation, cortical ingression, and F-actin and myosin II accumulation. As centrosome integrity and astral microtubules appeared unperturbed by (+)-1,2-bis(3, 5-dioxopiperaz-inyl-1-yl)propane treatment, the present observations cannot be easily explained by the conventional model involving astral microtubules. We suggest that in cultured epithelial cells the organization of the chromosomes dictates the organization of midzone microtubules, which in turn determines and maintains the cleavage activity.
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Citation: Mol Biol Cell. 1998 Aug;9(8):2173-84.
Molecular biology of the cell
Wheatley, Sally P.; O'Connell, Christopher B.; and Wang, Yu-Li, "Inhibition of chromosomal separation provides insights into cleavage furrow stimulation in cultured epithelial cells" (1998). Open Access Articles. 1404.