Risk and protective factors for adult and child hunger among low-income housed and homeless female-headed families
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health; Department of Psychiatry; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Adult; Case-Control Studies; Child; Child Welfare; Demography; Female; *Food Supply; Health Status; *Homeless Persons; *Housing; Humans; *Hunger; Massachusetts; Mother-Child Relations; Mothers; Odds Ratio; Parenting; *Poverty; Prevalence; Public Assistance; Risk Factors
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify factors associated with adult or child hunger.
METHODS: Low-income housed and homeless mothers were interviewed about socioeconomic, psychosocial, health, and food sufficiency information. Multinomial logistic regression produced models predicting adult or child hunger.
RESULTS: Predictors of adult hunger included mothers' childhood sexual molestation and current parenting difficulties, or "hassles." Risk factors for child hunger included mothers' childhood sexual molestation, housing subsidies, brief local residence, having more or older children, and substandard housing.
CONCLUSIONS: This study found that the odds of hunger, although affected by resource constraints in low-income female-headed families, were also worsened by mothers' poor physical and mental health. Eliminating hunger thus may require broader interventions than food programs.
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Citation: Am J Public Health. 2004 Jan;94(1):109-15.
American journal of public health
Wehler, Cheryl; Weinreb, Linda F.; Huntington, Nicholas; Scott, Richard; Hosmer, David W.; Fletcher, Kenneth E.; Goldberg, Robert J.; and Gundersen, Craig, "Risk and protective factors for adult and child hunger among low-income housed and homeless female-headed families" (2004). Open Access Articles. 140.