UMMS Affiliation

Program in Molecular Medicine; Department of Physiology

Publication Date

6-16-2006

Document Type

Article

Subjects

Animals; Carrier Proteins; Cell Cycle; Cells, Cultured; Centrosome; Cilia; Epithelial Cells; Golgi Apparatus; Humans; Mice; Protein Binding; Protein Transport; Rats; TRPP Cation Channels

Disciplines

Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences

Abstract

Eukaryotic cilia are assembled via intraflagellar transport (IFT) in which large protein particles are motored along ciliary microtubules. The IFT particles are composed of at least 17 polypeptides that are thought to contain binding sites for various cargos that need to be transported from their site of synthesis in the cell body to the site of assembly in the cilium. We show here that the IFT20 subunit of the particle is localized to the Golgi complex in addition to the basal body and cilia where all previous IFT particle proteins had been found. In living cells, fluorescently tagged IFT20 is highly dynamic and moves between the Golgi complex and the cilium as well as along ciliary microtubules. Strong knock down of IFT20 in mammalian cells blocks ciliary assembly but does not affect Golgi structure. Moderate knockdown does not block cilia assembly but reduces the amount of polycystin-2 that is localized to the cilia. This work suggests that IFT20 functions in the delivery of ciliary membrane proteins from the Golgi complex to the cilium.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Mol Biol Cell. 2006 Sep;17(9):3781-92. Epub 2006 Jun 14. Link to article on publisher's site

DOI of Published Version

10.1091/mbc.E06-02-0133

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Molecular biology of the cell

PubMed ID

16775004

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