Phospholipase A2 mediates immediate early genes in cultured renal epithelial cells: possible role of lysophospholipid
Department of Physiology; Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology
Animals; Apoptosis; Arachidonic Acid; Arachidonic Acids; Blotting, Northern; Calcimycin; Cells, Cultured; DNA-Binding Proteins; Dogs; Enzyme Inhibitors; Epithelial Cells; Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic; Genes, Immediate-Early; Ionophores; Kidney; Kidney Calculi; Lysophospholipids; Oxalates; Oxidative Stress; Phospholipases A; Phospholipases A2; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc; Quinacrine; RNA, Messenger; Transcription Factors; Tritium
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
BACKGROUND: Exposure to high levels of oxalate induces oxidant stress in renal epithelial cells and produces diverse changes in cell function, ranging from cell death to cellular adaptation, as evidenced by increased DNA synthesis, cellular proliferation, and induction of genes associated with remodeling and repair. These studies focused on cellular adaptation to this oxidant stress, examining the manner by which oxalate exposure leads to increased expression of immediate early genes (IEGs). Specifically, our studies assessed the possibility that oxalate-induced changes in IEG expression are mediated by phospholipase A2 (PLA2), a common pathway in cellular stress responses. METHODS: Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells were exposed to oxalate in the presence or absence of PLA2 inhibitors: mepacrine and arachidonyl trifluoromethyl ketone (AACOCF3). Expression of IEG (c-jun, egr-1, and c-myc) mRNA was assessed by Northern blot analysis. PLA2 activity was determined by measuring the release of [3H]arachidonic acid (AA) from prelabeled cells. RESULTS: Oxalate exposure (1 to 1.5 mmol/L) induced time- and concentration-dependent increases in IEG mRNA. Treatment with mepacrine resulted in a 75 to 113% reduction of oxalate-induced c-jun, egr-1, and c-myc mRNA, while AACOCF3 caused a 41 to 46% reduction of oxalate-induced c-jun and egr-1 mRNA. Of the two major byproducts of PLA2, only lysophosphatidylcholine (20 micromol/L) increased c-jun and egr-1 mRNA. In contrast, AA (25 micromol/L) attenuated the oxalate-induced increase in c-jun and egr-1 mRNA, presumably by inhibiting PLA2 activity. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that PLA2 plays a major role in oxalate-induced IEG expression in renal epithelial cells and that lysophospholipids might be a possible lipid mediator in this pathway.
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Citation: Kidney Int. 2000 Aug;58(2):638-46. Link to article on publisher's site
DOI of Published Version
Kohjimoto, Yasuo; Honeyman, Thomas W.; Jonassen, Julie A.; Gravel, Kathryn A.; Kennington, Lori A.; and Scheid, Cheryl R., "Phospholipase A2 mediates immediate early genes in cultured renal epithelial cells: possible role of lysophospholipid" (2000). Open Access Articles. 1369.