New England Newborn Screening Program; Department of Pediatrics
Algorithms; Cystic Fibrosis; Humans; Infant, Newborn; Neonatal Screening; Outcome Assessment (Health Care); Sweat
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis offers the opportunity for early intervention and improved outcomes. This summary, resulting from a workshop sponsored by the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation to facilitate implementation of widespread high quality cystic fibrosis newborn screening, outlines the steps necessary for success based on the experience of existing programs. Planning should begin with a workgroup composed of those who will be responsible for the success of the local program, typically including the state newborn screening program director and cystic fibrosis care center directors. The workgroup must develop a screening algorithm based on program resources and goals including mechanisms available for sample collection, regional demographics, the spectrum of cystic fibrosis disease to be detected, and acceptable failure rates of the screen. The workgroup must also ensure that all necessary guidelines and resources for screening, diagnosis, and care be in place prior to cystic fibrosis newborn screening implementation. These include educational materials for parents and primary care providers; systems for screening and for providing diagnostic testing and counseling for screen-positive infants and their families; and protocols for care of this unique population. This summary explores the benefits and risks of various screening algorithms, including complex situations that can occur involving unclear diagnostic results, and provides guidelines and sample materials for state newborn screening programs to develop and implement high quality screening for cystic fibrosis.
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Citation: Pediatrics. 2007 Feb;119(2):e495-518. Link to article on publisher's site
Comeau, Anne Marie; Accurso, Frank J.; White, Terry B.; Campbell, Preston W.; Hoffman, Gary; Parad, Richard B.; Wilfond, Benjamin S.; Rosenfeld, Margaret; Sontag, Marci K.; Massie, John H.; Farrell, Philip M.; and O'Sullivan, Brian P., "Guidelines for implementation of cystic fibrosis newborn screening programs: Cystic Fibrosis Foundation workshop report" (2007). Open Access Articles. Paper 1344.