Title

Myocardial preconditioning factors evoke mesenteric ischemic tolerance via opioid receptors and K(ATP) channels

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Emergency Medicine; Department of Anesthesiology; Department of Physiology; Senior Scholars Program

Publication Date

7-2002

Document Type

Article

Subjects

Animals; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Glyburide; Ischemia; Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial; Jejunum; Mesentery; Muscle Contraction; Myocardium; Naloxone; Narcotic Antagonists; Potassium Channel Blockers; Potassium Channels; Rabbits; Receptors, Opioid; Tissue Extracts

Disciplines

Cellular and Molecular Physiology | Medical Physiology

Abstract

We have shown that a reverse-phase concentrate generated from the effluent of preconditioned (PC) rabbit hearts evokes a cardioprotective effect in virgin acceptor hearts. With the use of a model of sustained (1 h) simulated ischemia in isolated, spontaneously contracting rabbit jejunum, our current aims were to 1) determine whether protective factor(s) released from PC hearts can improve ischemic tolerance in noncardiac tissue; and 2) obtain preliminary insight into the mediator(s) involved in triggering and eliciting this remote protection. Recovery of contractile force following reoxygenation (our index of ischemic tolerance) was enhanced in jejunal segments pretreated with concentrate generated from PC hearts (33 +/- 3% of baseline, P < 0.01) versus segments that received no concentrate (21 +/- 2%) and segments treated with concentrate from normoxic hearts (16 +/- 3%; P < 0.01). Protection achieved with PC concentrate was attenuated by coadministration of naloxone or glibenclamide, thereby implicating the involvement of opioids and ATP-sensitive potassium channels. Moreover, evaluation of purified subfractions of the crude PC concentrate identified a specific bioactive fraction that may participate in triggering the improved jejunal ischemic tolerance.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2002 Jul;283(1):H22-8. Link to article on publisher's site

DOI of Published Version

10.1152/ajpheart.01055.2001

Comments

Medical students Robert Tubbs and William Porcaro participated in this study as part of the Senior Scholars research program at the University of Massachusetts Medical School.

Related Resources

Link to article in PubMed

Journal/Book/Conference Title

American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology

PubMed ID

12063270