Title

Airway management in critical illness

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Anesthesiology

Date

2-14-2007

Document Type

Article

Subjects

Cervical Vertebrae; Humans; Hypnotics and Sedatives; Immobilization; *Intensive Care; Intubation, Intratracheal; Neuromuscular Agents; Obesity, Morbid

Disciplines

Anesthesiology | Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences

Abstract

Airway management in the ICU can be complicated due to many factors including the limited physiologic reserve of the patient. As a consequence, the likelihood of difficult mask ventilation and intubation increases. The incidence of failed airways and of cardiac arrest related to airway instrumentation in the ICU is much higher than that of elective intubations performed in the operating room. A thorough working knowledge of the devices available for the management of the difficult airway and recommended rescue strategies is paramount in avoiding bad patient outcomes. In this review, we will provide a conceptual framework for airway assessment, with an emphasis on assessment of the patient with limited cervical spine movement or injury and of morbidly obese patients. Furthermore, we will review the devices that are available for airway management in the ICU, and discuss controversies surrounding interventions like cricoid pressure and the use of muscle relaxants in the critically ill patient. Finally, strategies for the safe extubation of patients with known difficult airways will be provided.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Chest. 2007 Feb;131(2):608-20. Link to article on publisher's site

DOI of Published Version

10.1378/chest.06-2120

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Journal Title

Chest

PubMed ID

17296669