Title

Oral administration of unsaturated fatty acids: effects on human peripheral blood T lymphocyte proliferation

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology

Date

10-23-1997

Document Type

Article

Subjects

Administration, Oral; Cell Survival; Cells, Cultured; Dietary Fats, Unsaturated; Flax; Helianthus; Humans; Lymphocyte Activation; Plant Oils; Safflower Oil; T-Lymphocytes; Time Factors; gamma-Linolenic Acid

Disciplines

Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences

Abstract

Oils enriched in certain polyunsaturated fatty acids suppress joint pain and swelling in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Because T lymphocyte activation is important to propagation of joint tissue injury in patients with RA, we examined the effects of fatty acids administered by mouth in vivo on proliferation of human lymphocytes activated through the T cell receptor complex. T cell proliferation was reduced after oral administration of 2.4 g gammalinolenic acid in capsules of borage seed oil. Oral administration of oils enriched in linoleic acid, the parent n-6 fatty acid, and alpha linolenic acid, the parent n-3 fatty acid, did not influence growth of stimulated cells. Fatty acid analyses indicated that suppression of lymphocyte proliferation after gammalinolenic acid administration was associated with increased plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cell concentrations of gammalinolenic acid and dihomogammalinolenic acid.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: J Leukoc Biol. 1997 Oct;62(4):438-43.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Journal Title

Journal of leukocyte biology

PubMed ID

9335312