A monoclonal antibody reactive with a 40-kDa molecule on fetal thymocytes and tumor cells blocks proliferation and stimulates aggregation and apoptosis
Department of Pathology
Animals; Antibodies, Blocking; Antibodies, Monoclonal; Antigens, Neoplasm; Antigens, Surface; Apoptosis; Cell Aggregation; Cell Death; Cell Line, Transformed; Cricetinae; Cricetulus; Fetus; Glycosylphosphatidylinositols; Hematopoietic Stem Cells; Humans; Immunosuppressive Agents; Lymphocyte Activation; Lymphoma, T-Cell; Mice; Mice, Inbred BALB C; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Molecular Weight; Precipitin Tests; T-Lymphocytes; Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate; Tumor Cells, Cultured
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
E710.2.3 is a murine thymic lymphoma cell line with an immature phenotype (CD4-CD8-) that proliferates in response to thymocytes or PMA when cultured at low density and proliferates spontaneously when grown at high density. To identify functional molecules on this cell line, we screened for mAbs that could block its proliferation. A hamster mAb, DMF10.62.3, inhibited the spontaneous, thymocyte-induced, and PMA-stimulated proliferation of E710.2.3 in vitro and induced these cells to undergo apoptosis. The mAb also caused homotypic aggregation of E710.2.3, which was inhibited by cytochalasin B, trifluoperazine, a combination of sodium azide and 2-deoxyglucose, EDTA, incubation at 4 degrees C, or treatment with paraformaldehyde. The DMF10 62.3 mAb stained a number of immortalized murine and human cell lines and, where tested, blocked their proliferation and caused death to varying extents by apoptosis. The molecule recognized by the mAb DMF10.62.3 was expressed on day 14 fetal thymus Thy1.2-positive cells. However, it was not detected on adult murine thymocytes, splenocytes, or bone marrow cells or on splenic LPS-activated B cells or Con A-activated T cells. The Ab immunoprecipitated a 40-kDa molecule from E710.2.3 that was not glycosylphosphatidylinositol linked. The data suggest that the molecule recognized by DMF62.3 is a novel cell surface molecule that may be involved in cell proliferation and/or cell death.
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Citation: J Immunol. 1999 Aug 1;163(3):1306-14.