Title

Flavivirus-cross-reactive, HLA-DR15-restricted epitope on NS3 recognized by human CD4+ CD8- cytotoxic T lymphocyte clones

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology

Date

9-1-1995

Document Type

Article

Subjects

Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Antigens, CD8; Base Sequence; CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes; Cercopithecus aethiops; Clone Cells; Cross Reactions; DNA; Epitope Mapping; Flavivirus; HLA-DR Antigens; Humans; Molecular Sequence Data; RNA Helicases; Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid; Serine Endopeptidases; T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic; Vero Cells; Viral Nonstructural Proteins

Disciplines

Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences

Abstract

The role of flavivirus-cross-reactive T lymphocytes in recovery from and pathogenesis of flavivirus infections is not known. In the present paper, we have defined a flavivirus-cross-reactive epitope recognized by two CD4+ CD8- cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) clones, JK4 and JK43. The T cell clones were established from the peripheral blood T lymphocytes of a dengue-4-immune donor, using a limiting-dilution method with dengue-4 antigen. These two T cell clones were cross-reactive for dengue virus types 1, 2, 3 and 4, yellow fever virus and West Nile virus, and recognized NS3 protein. The smallest synthetic peptide recognized by these T cell clones was an identical 9 amino acid peptide which contains amino acids 146 to 154 (VIGLYGNGV) of dengue-4 NS3. HLA-DR15 was the restriction allele for recognition of this epitope by JK4 and JK43. JK4 and JK43 both used T cell receptor V alpha 8, but JK4 used V beta 8 and JK43 used V beta 2. This result indicates that this epitope is recognized by two flavivirus-cross-reactive CD4+ T cell clones which originated from different T cells in vivo.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: J Gen Virol. 1995 Sep;76 ( Pt 9):2243-9.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Journal Title

The Journal of general virology

PubMed ID

7561761