Title

Light and temperature control the contribution of specific DN1 neurons to Drosophila circadian behavior

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Neurobiology

Date

4-13-2010

Document Type

Article

Medical Subject Headings

Animals; Animals, Genetically Modified; Behavior, Animal; CLOCK Proteins; Circadian Rhythm; Drosophila Proteins; Drosophila melanogaster; Light; Models, Neurological; Neurons; Neuropeptides; Period Circadian Proteins; Photoperiod; Temperature

Disciplines

Neuroscience and Neurobiology

Abstract

The brain of Drosophila melanogaster contains approximately 150 circadian neurons [1] functionally divided into morning and evening cells that control peaks in daily behavioral activity at dawn and dusk, respectively [2, 3]. The PIGMENT DISPERSING-FACTOR (PDF)-positive small ventral lateral neurons (sLN(v)s) promote morning behavior, whereas the PDF-negative sLN(v) and the dorsal lateral neurons (LN(d)s) generate evening activity. Much less is known about the approximately 120 dorsal neurons (DN1, 2, and 3). Using a Clk-GAL4 driver that specifically targets a subset of DN1s, we generated mosaic per(0) flies with clock function restored only in these neurons. We found that the Clk4.1M-GAL4-positive DN1s promote only morning activity under standard (high light intensity) light/dark cycles. Surprisingly, however, these circadian neurons generate a robust evening peak of activity under a temperature cycle in constant darkness. Using different light intensities and ambient temperatures, we resolved this apparent paradox. The DN1 behavioral output is under both photic and thermal regulation. High light intensity suppresses DN1-generated evening activity. Low temperature inhibits morning behavior, but it promotes evening activity under high light intensity. Thus, the Clk4.1M-GAL4-positive DN1s, or the neurons they target, integrate light and temperature inputs to control locomotor rhythms. Our study therefore reveals a novel mechanism contributing to the plasticity of circadian behavior.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Curr Biol. 2010 Apr 13;20(7):600-5. Epub 2010 Apr 1. Link to article on publisher's site

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed