Filamentous hemagglutinin of Bordetella bronchiseptica is required for efficient establishment of tracheal colonization
Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology
Medical Subject Headings
*Adhesins, Bacterial; Animals; *Bacterial Adhesion; Bordetella bronchiseptica; Gene Deletion; *Hemagglutinins; Lung; Mucous Membrane; Rats; Rats, Wistar; Trachea; *Virulence Factors, Bordetella; Whooping Cough
Microbiology | Molecular genetics
Adherence to ciliated respiratory epithelial cells is considered a critical early step in Bordetella pathogenesis. For Bordetella pertussis, the etiologic agent of whooping cough, several factors have been shown to mediate adherence to cells and cell lines in vitro. These putative adhesins include filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA), fimbriae, pertactin, and pertussis toxin. Determining the precise roles of each of these factors in vivo, however, has been difficult, due in part to the lack of natural-host animal models for use with B. pertussis. Using the closely related species Bordetella bronchiseptica, and by constructing both deletion mutation and ectopic expression mutants, we have shown that FHA is both necessary and sufficient for mediating adherence to a rat lung epithelial (L2) cell line. Using a rat model of respiratory infection, we have shown that FHA is absolutely required, but not sufficient, for tracheal colonization in healthy, unanesthetized animals. FHA was not required for initial tracheal colonization in anesthetized animals, however, suggesting that its role in establishment may be dedicated to overcoming the clearance action of the mucociliary escalator.
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Citation: Infect Immun. 1998 Dec;66(12):5921-9.