Department of Quantitative Health Sciences; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine; Department of Internal Medicine
Medical Subject Headings
Atrial Fibrillation; Electric Countershock
Cardiology | Cardiovascular Diseases
BACKGROUND: Echocardiographic left atrial (LA) strain parameters have been associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) in prior studies. Our goal was to determine if strain measures [peak systolic longitudinal strain (LAS) and stiffness index (LASt)] changed after cardioversion (CV); and their relation to AF recurrence.
METHODS AND RESULTS: 46 participants with persistent AF and 41 age-matched participants with no AF were recruited. LAS and LASt were measured before and immediately after CV using 2D speckle tracking imaging (2DSI). Maintenance of sinus rhythm was assessed over a 6-month follow up. Mean LAS was lower, and mean LASt higher, in participants with AF before CV as compared to control group (11.9 +/- 1.0 vs 35.7 +/- 1.7, p
CONCLUSIONS: LAS and LASt differed between participants with and without AF, irrespective of the rhythm at the time of echocardiographic assessment. Baseline LAS and LASt were not associated with AF recurrence. However, change in LAS after CV may be a useful predictor of recurrent arrhythmia.
Shaikh, Amir Y.; Mann, Abhishek; Khan, Umar A.; Aurigemma, Gerard P.; Hill, Jeffrey C.; Kane, Jennifer L.; Tighe, Dennis A.; Mick, Eric; and McManus, David D., "Speckle echocardiographic left atrial strain and stiffness index as predictors of maintenance of sinus rhythm after cardioversion for atrial fibrillation: a prospective study" (2012). Meyers Primary Care Institute Publications and Presentations. 625.