Validation of algorithms to ascertain clinical conditions and medical procedures used during pregnancy
Meyers Primary Care Institute; Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Medical Subject Headings
Pregnancy; Insurance Claim Review; Medical Informatics Applications
Health Services Research | Obstetrics and Gynecology | Primary Care
PURPOSE: To evaluate the validity of health plan administrative and claims data to identify pre-gestational and gestational diabetes, obesity, and ultrasounds among pregnant women.
METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using the administrative and claims data of three health plans participating in the HMO Research Network. Diagnoses, drug dispensings, and procedure codes were used to identify diabetes, obesity, and ultrasounds among women who were pregnant between January 2006 and December 2008. A random sample of medical charts (n = 222) were abstracted. Positive predictive values (PPVs) were calculated. Sensitivity also was calculated for obesity among women for whom body mass index data were available in electronic medical records at two sites.
RESULTS: Overall, 190 of 222 cases of diabetes (86%) were confirmed (82% for gestational diabetes and 74% for pre-gestational diabetes). The PPV for codes to identify ultrasounds was 80%. Whereas the PPV for obesity-related diagnosis codes was high (93%), and the sensitivity was low (33%).
CONCLUSIONS: Health plan administrative and claims data can be used to accurately identify pre-gestational and gestational diabetes and ultrasounds. Obesity is not consistently coded.
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Citation: Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2011 Nov;20(11):1168-76. doi: 10.1002/pds.2217. Epub 2011 Aug 22.