Reduction of bacteriuria and pyuria after ingestion of cranberry juice.
Meyers Primary Care Institute; Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine
Medical Subject Headings
Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Bacteriuria; Beverages; Double-Blind Method; Female; Fruit; Humans; Pyuria; Urinalysis
Health Services Research | Medicine and Health Sciences
OBJECTIVE--To determine the effect of regular intake of cranberry juice beverage on bacteriuria and pyuria in elderly women. DESIGN--Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SUBJECTS--Volunteer sample of 153 elderly women (mean age, 78.5 years). INTERVENTION--Subjects were randomly assigned to consume 300 mL per day of a commercially available standard cranberry beverage or a specially prepared synthetic placebo drink that was indistinguishable in taste, appearance, and vitamin C content but lacked cranberry content. OUTCOME MEASURES--A baseline urine sample and six clean-voided study urine samples were collected at approximately 1-month intervals and tested quantitatively for bacteriuria and the presence of white blood cells. RESULTS--Subjects randomized to the cranberry beverage had odds of bacteriuria (defined as organisms numbering > or = 10(5)/mL) with pyuria that were only 42% of the odds in the control group (P = .004). Their odds of remaining bacteriuric-pyuric, given that they were bacteriuric-pyuric in the previous month, were only 27% of the odds in the control group (P = .006). CONCLUSIONS--These findings suggest that use of a cranberry beverage reduces the frequency of bacteriuria with pyuria in older women. Prevalent beliefs about the effects of cranberry juice on the urinary tract may have microbiologic justification.
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Citation: JAMA. 1994 Mar 9;271(10):751-4.