Developmental Role of Macrophage Cannabinoid-1 Receptor Signaling in Type 2 Diabetes
Program in Molecular Medicine; UMass Metabolic Network
Biochemistry | Cell Biology | Cellular and Molecular Physiology | Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism | Molecular Biology
Islet inflammation promotes beta-cell loss and type 2 diabetes (T2D), a process replicated in Zucker Diabetic Fatty (ZDF) rats in which beta-cell loss has been linked to cannabinoid-1 receptor (CB1R)-induced proinflammatory signaling in macrophages infiltrating pancreatic islets. Here, we analyzed CB1R signaling in macrophages and its developmental role in T2D. ZDF rats with global deletion of CB1R are protected from beta-cell loss, hyperglycemia, and nephropathy that are present in ZDF littermates. Adoptive transfer of CB1R-/- bone marrow to ZDF rats also prevents beta-cell loss and hyperglycemia but not nephropathy. ZDF islets contain elevated levels of CB1R, interleukin-1beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, the chemokine CCL2, and interferon regulatory factor-5 (IRF5), a marker of inflammatory macrophage polarization. In primary cultured rodent and human macrophages, CB1R activation increased Irf5 expression, whereas knockdown of Irf5 blunted CB1R-induced secretion of inflammatory cytokines without affecting CCL2 expression, which was p38MAPKalpha dependent. Macrophage-specific in vivo knockdown of Irf5 protected ZDF rats from beta-cell loss and hyperglycemia. Thus, IRF5 is a crucial downstream mediator of diabetogenic CB1R signaling in macrophages and a potential therapeutic target.
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Citation: Diabetes. 2017 Apr;66(4):994-1007. doi: 10.2337/db16-1199. Epub 2017 Jan 12. Link to article on publisher's site
Jourdan, Tony; Szanda, Gergo; Cinar, Resat; Godlewski, Grzegorz; Holovac, David J.; Park, Joshua K.; Nicoloro, Sarah M.; Shen, Yuefei; Liu, Jie; Rosenberg, Avi Z.; Liu, Ziyi; Czech, Michael P.; and Kunos, George, "Developmental Role of Macrophage Cannabinoid-1 Receptor Signaling in Type 2 Diabetes" (2017). UMass Metabolic Network Publications. 78.