Title

Alcoholic hepatitis: Translational approaches to develop targeted therapies

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology; UMass Metabolic Network

Date

10-2016

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Cell Biology | Cellular and Molecular Physiology | Digestive System Diseases | Gastroenterology | Hepatology | Substance Abuse and Addiction | Translational Medical Research

Abstract

Alcoholic liver disease is a leading cause of liver-related mortality worldwide. In contrast to recent advances in therapeutic strategies for patients with viral hepatitis, there is a significant lack of novel therapeutic options for patients with alcoholic liver disease. In particular, there is an urgent need to focus our efforts on effective therapeutic interventions for alcoholic hepatitis (AH), the most severe form of alcoholic liver disease. AH is characterized by an abrupt development of jaundice and complications related to liver insufficiency and portal hypertension in patients with heavy alcohol intake. The mortality of patients with AH is very high (20%-50% at 3 months). Available therapies are not effective in many patients, and targeted approaches are imminently needed. The development of such therapies requires translational studies in human samples and suitable animal models that reproduce the clinical and histological features of AH. In recent years, new animal models that simulate some of the features of human AH have been developed, and translational studies using human samples have identified potential pathogenic factors and histological parameters that predict survival.

CONCLUSION: This review summarizes the unmet needs for translational studies on the pathogenesis of AH, preclinical translational tools, and emerging drug targets to benefit the AH patient.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Hepatology. 2016 Oct;64(4):1343-55. doi: 10.1002/hep.28530. Epub 2016 Apr 15. Link to article on publisher's site

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

26940353