Title

UTX coordinates steroid hormone-mediated autophagy and cell death

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Molecular, Cell and Cancer Biology

Date

12-13-2013

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Cancer Biology | Cell Biology | Developmental Biology | Genetics and Genomics | Molecular Biology

Abstract

Correct spatial and temporal induction of numerous cell type-specific genes during development requires regulated removal of the repressive histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) modification. Here we show that the H3K27me3 demethylase dUTX is required for hormone-mediated transcriptional regulation of apoptosis and autophagy genes during ecdysone-regulated programmed cell death of Drosophila salivary glands. We demonstrate that dUTX binds to the nuclear hormone receptor complex Ecdysone Receptor/Ultraspiracle, and is recruited to the promoters of key apoptosis and autophagy genes. Salivary gland cell death is delayed in dUTX mutants, with reduced caspase activity and autophagy that coincides with decreased apoptosis and autophagy gene transcripts. We further show that salivary gland degradation requires dUTX catalytic activity. Our findings provide evidence for an unanticipated role for UTX demethylase activity in regulating hormone-dependent cell death and demonstrate how a single transcriptional regulator can modulate a specific complex functional outcome during animal development.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Nat Commun. 2013;4:2916. doi: 10.1038/ncomms3916. Link to article on publisher's site

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

24336022