Luna Lab Publications

Title

An N-terminal, 830 residues intrinsically disordered region of the cytoskeleton-regulatory protein supervillin contains Myosin II- and F-actin-binding sites

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Cell and Developmental Biology

Date

10-17-2012

Document Type

Article

Medical Subject Headings

Membrane Proteins; Microfilament Proteins

Disciplines

Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology | Cell Biology

Abstract

Supervillin, the largest member of the villin/gelsolin family, is a cytoskeleton regulating, peripheral membrane protein. Supervillin increases cell motility and promotes invasive activity in tumors. Major cytoskeletal interactors, including filamentous actin and myosin II, bind within the unique supervillin amino terminus, amino acids 1-830. The structural features of this key region of the supervillin polypeptide are unknown. Here, we utilize circular dichroism and bioinformatics sequence analysis to demonstrate that the N-terminal part of supervillin forms an extended intrinsically disordered region (IDR). Our combined data indicate that the N-terminus of human and bovine supervillin sequences (positions 1-830) represents an IDR, which is the largest IDR known to date in the villin/gelsolin family. Moreover, this result suggests a potentially novel mechanism of regulation of myosin II and F-actin via the intrinsically disordered N-terminal region of hub protein supervillin.

Comments

Citation: J Biomol Struct Dyn. 2012 Oct 17. DOI: 10.1080/07391102.2012.726531

Related Resources

Link to article in PubMed

PubMed ID

23075227