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Guidelines for Authors

Contents

Instructions to Authors

Journal of Global Radiology (JGR) is a peer-reviewed, open access journal, with an international Board of Editors. JGR publishes articles as they become available for publication, following a thorough review process. Once enough material is received, the accumulated material is republished as the next issue of the journal

Authors must follow the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts (URM) and fulfill the Conflict of Interest mandates, as per the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Guidelines.

Copyright

Submission of a manuscript implies:

  • The work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis)
  • The work is not under consideration for publication elsewhere
  • If and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of copyright to the publisher

Review Process

Each and every submission is initially reviewed by two expert reviewers. A third reviewer may be called upon. The editor-in-chief will have the casting vote. Decisions will be made as rapidly as possible, and the journal strives to return reviewers’ comments to authors within six weeks. The Board of Editors will re-review manuscripts that are accepted pending revision. JGR publishes manuscripts after the review process is completed

Reporting Standards

For studies dealing with diagnostic accuracy, please refer to the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) checklist in the 2010 March issue of BMJ (Schulz, Altman, Moher, 2010).

For meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials, please refer to the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) Statement.

Text Formatting

Manuscripts should be submitted as Office 2010 Microsoft Word (.docx or .doc) files. Double-space all text; allow adequate margins and do not right-justify. The following fonts may be used: Arial, Garamond, Calibri, Helvetica, Times, or Times New Roman, using 12 point fonts. Special or mathematical characters and Greek letters must be created using the symbol font. Equations should be embedded where they are cited in the text. Do not number the pages of the manuscript; they will be automatically numbered during the conversion to PDF format. To ensure anonymity in the peer-review process, authors' names should appear on only the full title page; names of authors, their initials, and their institution(s) should not be given in the text or on the illustrations.

Abbreviations

Abbreviations should be used only when the full term is very long and used often. Each abbreviation should be spelled out and introduced in parentheses () the first time it is used in the text. Only recommended SI units should be used. Authors should use the solidus presentation (mg/ml). Standard abbreviations such as US, CT, MRI need not be defined

Length

Scientific articles should be no longer than 4,000 words with 40 references, 10 figures, and five tables. Review articles, country reports, and invited commentary can be twice as long. Technical reports and other short communications should be no more than 400 words

Structure

All articles should have a structured abstract section of no more than 300 words, and containing the following subheadings: Purpose, Methods and Materials, Results, Conclusion.

The body of all original articles and full-length papers should be arranged using the following headings: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion and Acknowledgements.

Introduction

Provides a clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution.

Materials and methods

Provides sufficient information to allow experiments to be reproduced. However, only truly new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited only with important modifications mentioned. Trade names should be capitalized and include the manufacturer's name and address. Radiological technique should be described in sufficient detail to be easily understood by general physicians.

Results

Presents findings with clarity and precision. Findings from the authors' experiments should be described in the past tense, whereas previously published findings should be described in the present tense. Results should be explained without referring to the literature.

Discussion

Interprets the findings in view of results obtained in the current and in past studies on the topic under discussion.

Conclusions

Should be stated in no more than four sentences at the end of the paper.

Acknowledgements

Pertains to people, grants, funds, etc. This section should be brief.

Tables

Tables should be prepared in Microsoft Word/Excel and designed to be as simple as possible. Tables should be typed, double-spaced, and include headings and footnotes. Each table should be typed on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals, and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables are self-explanatory without reference to the text. The same data is not to be presented in both table and graph form or repeated in the text.

Figures

Figure legends should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG, or PowerPoint images before being inserted in the Microsoft Word file. Arabic numerals should be used to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts (Figure 1). Axes of graphs should be clearly labeled. Each legend should begin with a title and include sufficient description to ensure the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript.

References

References should be cited in the text by means of numbers in parentheses. Bibliographic references should be listed at the end of the paper in numerical order, in the order in which they appear in the text. Articles in preparation, articles submitted for publication, unpublished observations, personal communications, etc. are not included in the reference list but are mentioned in text (e.g., “A. Kingori, University of Nairobi, Kenya, personal communication”). Journal names should be abbreviated without periods, and follow the style of the National Library of Medicine. References should follow ICMJE Recommendations (formerly the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts). Examples are listed below.

Examples
Standard journal article

McMahon MA, Squirrell CA. Multidetector CT of aortic dissection: a pictorial review. RadioGraphics 2010;30(2):445–460.

Macura KJ, Corl FM, Fishman EK, Bluemke DA. Pathogenesis in acute aortic syndromes: aortic dissection, intramural hematoma, and penetrating atherosclerotic aortic ulcer. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2003;181(2):309–316.

Book

Pelczar JR, Harley JP, Klein DA. Microbiology: Concepts and Applications. McGraw-Hill Inc., New York, 1993. p. 591-603.

Authors are fully responsible for the accuracy of all references.

Book Chapter

Pettit AR, Gravallese, EM. Pathogenesis of focal bone loss in inflammatory arthritis. In: Maricic MJ, Gluck OS, editors. Bone disease in rheumatology. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005. p. 15-22.

Types of Articles

All articles should be in the context of global radiology, access to more cost-effective radiology, capacity building, or advocacy.

Original Research

This is the most common type of article accepted for publication in JGR. Original research provides material that advances knowledge, impacts access to radiology services, and has implications on patient care.

Reviews and Invited Commentary

Reviews and commentary pieces are invited by the editor and written by experts in their respective fields. The material is educational and relevant to the mission of, and within the scope of, the journal.

Scholar-Twinning Article

Collaboration between scholars in developed countries and authors in developing countries results in high-quality research worthy of publication in JGR. See section below entitled Scholar Twinning Program for further details about this article category.

State of Radiology

Describes the current state of radiology, profiling a region or a developing country. The report shall contain data on the equipment, the radiology personnel, the list of common diseases amenable, unmet personnel demand, economic environment of government, and private healthcare investment and business opportunities for entrepreneurs. See section below entitled State of Radiology (Country Report) for further details about this article category.

Technical Notes

A short communication describing soft technology equipment innovation, the study protocol, and consumables. Preference will be given to inventions and developments that address cost reduction with improved proficiency, such as innovative catheter material for interventional procedures, new needle designs, Cloud-based PACS system, and design of a cheaper CT scanner.

Imaging Challenge

Images or video clips are used to challenge readers to make a diagnosis. The results of the Quiz are published in the following issue, and the winners announced in the subsequent issue.

Global Vision

These articles envision future developments in radiology pertaining to service delivery, education, research, business, equipment or consumables.

Editorial

Editorials may be invited and are written on current hot topics or ongoing discussions.

Letters

Letters to the Editor should be no more than 400-words long.

Book/Software Reviews/Videos

Reviews should be no more than 400 words long. Video clips should be no more than 30 seconds. Standard video file formats will be accepted, including MPG, MOV, AVI, and WMV, and should be no more than 15MB in size.

Scholar Twinning Program

Introduction

A great deal of worthy research conducted by radiologists and scholars in the developing world remains unpublished, or is accepted in regional literature with little impact. Inability to publish can be due to several reasons: absence of mentorship, difficulty with English language or data analysis, past rejections, etc. The Journal of Global Radiology (JGR) has instituted a Scholar Twinning program to facilitate collaboration between international radiologist researchers and faculty radiologists in North America or the UK. Provided all review standards are met, JGR will publish the resulting manuscript. It is our hope that these collaborations will bring convey important research on regional pathologies, cultural and social implications on capacity-building strategies, and ideas for bringing about positive change in health policy.

Process

Kristen DeStigter MD, FACR (Associate Editor, JGR) will be responsible for the integrity of this program.

The Scholar Twinning will fulfill the following criteria:

  1. The project will be registered with Dr. DeStigter.
  2. An international lead investigator will initiate the request for assistance.
  3. A Western twin will accept the request to assist.
  4. An agreement will be signed by the Principle Investigator, the International Twin, and the Western Twin, and countersigned by Dr. DeStitger.
  5. The International Twin shall be the first author on the article.
  6. The Western Twin shall be the last senior author.
  7. All other investigators shall be placed according to the principal investigator.
  8. Once complete, the manuscript must be submitted to JGR.
  9. The manuscript shall go through the standard review process, and not receive any preferential treatment.
  10. Upon publication, the article shall be identified as resulting from JGR's Scholar Twinning program.
  11. No fees of any kind shall be involved.

State of Radiology (Country Report)

A review of the state of radiology in a country or particular region. These reports should be written in such a way that readers are able to visualize the status of radiology services, strengths, weakness, opportunities, and threats. A Country Report should cover the following topics:

  1. Number of radiologists and technologists, their certification, and training level
  2. List of diagnostic and intervention skills
  3. Status of power supply
  4. Inventory of radiology equipment, including make, type, age, level of functionality and replacement plan
  5. Equipment service contract present or absent, in terms of maintenance, preventive and corrective
  6. Maintenance and service availability (local, regional or out of country); nearest availability depot of spare parts and service-call response time
  7. Radiologist and technologist trainings; any CME activity; any local or national certification, diploma, degree or masters, awarded
  8. Job opportunities for indigenous and expatriate radiologists and technologists, including part-time work or consultancy opportunities
  9. State of local medical economy; readiness for radiology entrepreneurship
  10. Radiology market and service capacity, in private or government sector
  11. Business partnership prospects with local investors
  12. Interest and equipment lease rates
  13. Investment policies, regulation and risk of investment
  14. Availability and cost of Internet connections and available bandwidth
  15. Disease profile and differentiating demographic and cultural factors
  16. Cultural, vacation, or activity attractions
  17. Languages spoken, medium of education, and training
  18. Travel access, flight and other travel times, currency, local accommodations
  19. Local security and safety situation
  20. Health advisory, vaccination, health hazards, communicable, contagious or seasonal diseases
  21. Most suitable time of the year to travel, climates, special needs

David Rosman, MD (Board of Editors, JGR) will be responsible for the integrity of Country Reports.