Inhibition of neutrophil apoptosis after severe trauma is NFkappabeta dependent
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Apoptosis; Cells, Cultured; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay; Histones; Humans; Multiple Organ Failure; NF-kappa B; Neutrophils; Phosphorylation; Pyrrolidines; Thiocarbamates; Wounds and Injuries
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences | Technology and Innovation
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation may inhibit neutrophil (PMN) apoptosis and promote multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. We hypothesize that severe trauma causes dysregulation of PMN apoptosis.
METHODS: Neutrophils were isolated from trauma patients (24-72 hours after injury; n = 16) and controls (healthy volunteers) and incubated for 18 hours. In separate experiments, control cells were treated +/- the nuclear factor kappa beta (NFkappabeta) inhibitor pyrrolidinithiocarbamate then incubated with 25% patient or control plasma. Apoptosis was quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for histone-associated DNA and annexin V fluorescence-activated cell sorter. NFkappabeta activation was determined by Western blot for phosphorylated I kappabeta.
RESULTS: Apoptosis was inhibited in trauma patient PMN. Neutrophil apoptosis correlated with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome score, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II, and platelet count. Patient plasma inhibited apoptosis and induced phosphorylation of I kappabeta in control cells. Inhibition of PMN apoptosis by patient plasma was blocked by pretreatment with pyrrolidinithiocarbamate.
CONCLUSION: NFkappabeta-dependent inhibition of neutrophil apoptosis occurs after trauma. Early inhibition of PMN apoptosis is dependent on the magnitude of injury.
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Citation: J Trauma. 2000 Apr;48(4):599-604; discussion 604-5.