Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity mediated by lung macrophages: a comparison of two target cells
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Adult; Animals; *Antibody-Dependent Cell Cytotoxicity; Chickens; Erythrocytes; Female; Humans; Leukocytes, Mononuclear; Macrophages; Male; Pulmonary Alveoli; Receptors, Fc
Cell and Developmental Biology | Immunology and Infectious Disease
Mononuclear cell-mediated cytotoxicity may be an important cellular immune function in host lung defense. Prior investigators have shown that lung macrophages participate in cell cytotoxicity which is antibody-dependent (ADCC). We tested the hypothesis that alveolar macrophages share some cell surface receptors for the Fc portion of IgG, i.e., Fc receptors, similar to those found on circulating monocytes in order to function in ADCC. Hence, ADCC mediated by autologous human blood monocytes and lung macrophages was studied by measuring the release of chromium-51 from prelabeled target erythrocytes coated with IgG. Alveolar macrophages were obtained from healthy adult subjects by bronchoalveolar lavage and tested against two different erythrocyte target cells to measure ADCC activity. Our results show significant activity by alveolar macrophages demonstrated against chicken erythrocytes at a target to effector cell ratio of 2:1 or 10:1 and with an antibody concentration of 1:100 or 1:400 (volume per volume, p less than 0.05, Student's test). However, when a peripheral blood monocyte specific target cell (human type B erythrocyte) was utilized, alveolar macrophages were not as capable of significant ADCC activity against these monocyte-specific target cells. The inability of lung macrophages to function in ADCC against other target cells (i.e., human type B erythrocytes) unlike the peripheral blood monocytes suggests that some Fc receptors are not shared. In other words, these different cell types share IgG receptors but differences in activity may be due to some changes in the Fc portions of IgG due to cellular differentiation. The use of these target cells may potentially be useful in functionally discriminating between two types of adherent autologous mononuclear cells (lung macrophages vs. blood monocytes).
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Citation: Respiration. 1989;55(2):94-104.