Salmonella-induced SipB-independent cell death requires Toll-like receptor-4 signalling via the adapter proteins Tram and Trif
Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology
Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport; Animals; Bacterial Proteins; Caspase 1; Cell Death; Cells, Cultured; Interleukin-1beta; Macrophages; Membrane Proteins; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Mice, Knockout; Receptors, Interleukin; Salmonella Infections; Salmonella typhimurium; Signal Transduction; Toll-Like Receptor 4
Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium (S. typhimurium) is an intracellular pathogen that causes macrophage cell death by at least two different mechanisms. Rapid cell death is dependent on the Salmonella pathogenicity island-1 protein SipB whereas delayed cell death is independent of SipB and occurs 18-24 hr post infection. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is essential for the delayed cell death. LPS is the main structural component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria and is recognized by Toll-like receptor 4, signalling via the adapter proteins Mal, MyD88, Tram and Trif. Here we show that S. typhimurium induces SipB-independent cell death through Toll-like receptor 4 signalling via the adapter proteins Tram and Trif. In contrast to wild type bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDM), Tram(-/-) and Trif(-/-) BMDM proliferate in response to Salmonella infection.
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Citation: Immunology. 2007 Oct;122(2):222-9. Epub 2007 May 9. Link to article on publisher's site