Efficacy of rimantadine hydrochloride in the treatment of influenza infection of mice
Center for Infectious Disease and Vaccine Research; Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology
Immunity | Immunology and Infectious Disease | Immunology of Infectious Disease | Infectious Disease | Virology
Rimantadine HCl was assessed for its effect on influenza A virus titer in lungs of infected BALB/c mice. Rimantadine administered orally via drinking water, with and without an intraperitoneal prophylactic loading dose, was compared to intraperitoneal administration. Mice were infected with a non-lethal dose of influenza A/Port Chalmers/H3N2 virus and the pulmonary virus titers were determined at intervals over a 21 day period. Prophylactic treatment with rimantadine followed by oral administration resulted in up to a 4 log10 reduction in pulmonary virus titer. The oral doses given to the mice were comparable on a mg/kg/day basis to those recommended for treatment of human infections. Reductions in pulmonary virus titers also occurred after intraperitoneal rimantadine treatment which included a prophylactic dose, but the reductions in pulmonary virus titers were less striking and not consistent over the course of infection. There were no significant reductions in pulmonary virus titers by either route if treatment was started 8 h after exposure to virus.
Antiviral Res. 1989 Apr;11(3):127-35. DOI:10.1016/0166-3542(89)90024-7
Herrmann, John E.; Bruns, Matthew; West, Kim; and Ennis, Francis A., "Efficacy of rimantadine hydrochloride in the treatment of influenza infection of mice" (1989). Infectious Diseases and Immunology Publications and Presentations. 337.