High Antibody-Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity Antibody Titers to H5N1 and H7N9 Avian Influenza A Viruses in Healthy US Adults and Older Children
Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Department of Medicine
Human influenza is a highly contagious acute respiratory illness that is responsible for significant morbidity and excess mortality worldwide. In addition to neutralizing antibodies, there are antibodies that bind to influenza virus-infected cells and mediate lysis of the infected cells by natural killer (NK) cells (antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity [ADCC]) or complement (complement-dependent lysis [CDL]). We analyzed sera obtained from 16 healthy adults (18-63 years of age), 52 children (2-17 years of age), and 10 infants (0.75-1 year of age) in the United States, who were unlikely to have been exposed to the avian H7N9 subtype of influenza A virus, by ADCC and CDL assays. As expected, none of these sera had detectable levels of hemagglutination-inhibiting antibodies against the H7N9 virus, but we unexpectedly found high titers of ADCC antibodies to the H7N9 subtype virus in all sera from adults and children aged > /=8 years.
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Citation: J Infect Dis. 2015 Oct 1;212(7):1052-60. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiv181. Epub 2015 Mar 20. Link to article on publisher's site
ADCC, complement-dependent lysis, H7N9 subtype, H5N1 subtype, antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity, antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, avian influenza viruses, hemagglutination-inhibition, non-neutralizing antibody
Terajima, Masanori; Co, Mary Dawn T.; Cruz, John; and Ennis, Francis A., "High Antibody-Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity Antibody Titers to H5N1 and H7N9 Avian Influenza A Viruses in Healthy US Adults and Older Children" (2015). Infectious Diseases and Immunology Publications and Presentations. 227.