Title

Rapid Cue Reversal Learning

UMMS Affiliation

Shriver Center; Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center; Shriver Center

Date

1-1-2013

Document Type

Book Chapter

Disciplines

Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Experimental Analysis of Behavior | Mental Disorders | Psychiatry and Psychology

Abstract

Excerpt: Rapid cue reversal learning refers to the ability to alter one’s response after encountering just a few examples of a change in consequences for a behavior. Typically, rapid cue reversal learning is assessed after training on simple discrimination tasks in which an individual is presented with two (or more) stimuli (such as pictures or objects), and responses to one stimulus are reinforced (i.e., followed by praise, snack foods, or access to a toy), whereas responses to the other stimulus are not. Once a learning criterion is met, the stimulus functions are reversed such that responses to the originally positive stimulus are no longer reinforced and responses to the previously negative stimulus are reinforced. Reversals are often embedded in a variety of instructional tasks and are used as one measure of cognitive inflexibility in individuals diagnosed with a neurodevelopmental disability.

Comments

Citation: Lionello-DeNolf, K. M. (2013). Rapid cue reversal learning. In F. R. Volkmar (Ed.), Encyclopedia of autism spectrum disorders. New York, NY: Springer, p. 2491-2496. DOI:10.1007/978-1-4419-1698-3_133